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Create and connect to a MongoDB cluster

This tutorial shows how to create and connect to a MongoDB cluster.

Create a MongoDB cluster

Before you start

  • Install kbcli if you want to create and connect a cluster by kbcli.

  • Install KubeBlocks: You can install KubeBlocks by kbcli or by Helm.

  • Make sure the MongoDB add-on is enabled.

    kbcli addon list
    >
    NAME TYPE STATUS EXTRAS AUTO-INSTALL INSTALLABLE-SELECTOR
    ...
    mongodb Helm Enabled true
    ...
  • View all the database types and versions available for creating a cluster.

    kbcli clusterdefinition list

    kbcli clusterversion list
  • To keep things isolated, create a separate namespace called demo throughout this tutorial.

    kubectl create namespace demo
    >
    namespace/demo created

Create a cluster

KubeBlocks supports creating two types of MongoDB clusters: Standalone and ReplicaSet. Standalone only supports one replica and can be used in scenarios with lower requirements for availability. For scenarios with high availability requirements, it is recommended to create a ReplicaSet, which creates a cluster with a three replicas to support automatic failover. And to ensure high availability, all replicas are distributed on different nodes by default.

Create a Standalone.

kbcli cluster create mongodb <clustername>

Create a ReplicatSet.

kbcli cluster create mongodb --mode replicaset <clustername>

If you only have one node for deploying a ReplicaSet, set the availability-policy as none when creating a ReplicaSet.

kbcli cluster create mongodb --mode replicaset --availability-policy none <clustername>
note
  • In the production environment, it is not recommended to deploy all replicas on one node, which may decrease cluster availability.

  • Run the command below to view the flags for creating a MongoDB cluster and the default values.

    kbcli cluster create mongodb -h

Connect to a MongoDB Cluster

kbcli cluster connect <clustername>  --namespace <name>

For the detailed database connection guide, refer to Connect database.